Problems within Thomism

This section is generally organized around the topics as presented in the Summa theologiae. The reason for this is simple: it is chiefly here that Aquinas offers his unique synthesis, in which all disciplines are unified.

Under each of the following headings, please find relevant problems posed and solutions offered.

 

Prolegomena

  • “In what ways can Thomists learn from modern developments in mathematical logic and set theory?” Sign in to answer this question.

Thomistic Divisions of Knowledge and Its Objects

  • “Does the knowledge derived from contemporary academic disciplines, from physics to sociology, render obsolete the Thomistic division of knowledge and its objects?” Sign in to answer this question.

Theology as a Scientia

  • “Are the modern disciplines (physics, biology, history, psychology, etc.) sciences (scientiae) in the Aristotelian sense?” Sign in to answer this question.

Interpretation of Revelation (Scripture and Tradition)

  • “Does modern critical exegesis of scripture undermine the use of scripture as authoritative in speculative matters?” Sign in to answer this question.
  • “Is the Thomistic account of scripture’s reliability compatible with the results of the contemporary study of the Ancient Near East? Or does such study reveal that scripture cannot be read to imply that events like the Exodus actually took place?” Sign in to answer this question.
  • “Did the Exodus from Egypt happen in any way as recorded in scripture? If so, how can the archaeological and historical evidence be harmonized with the story scripture tells, e.g. the lack of physical remains on the Sinai peninsula in the appropriate period?” Sign in to answer this question.

The One God

The Blessed Trinity 

Creation

The Angels

Material Objects

  • “Is Aristotle’s account of time as the measure of change compatible with the current understanding in physics of space-time? Does this reveal anything about relativity theory and the physical world?” Sign in to answer this question.

Living Organisms

Humanity

The Government of Creatures

Humanity’s Last End

Human Acts

Passions

Habits

Vice and Sin

Law

Grace

Faith

Hope

Charity 

Prudence

Justice

Fortitude

Temperance

Acts Which Pertain to Certain Persons

The Incarnation

The Life of Christ

Sacraments 

Baptism

Confirmation

The Holy Eucharist

Penance

Extreme Unction

Holy Orders 

Matrimony

The Resurrection


Relationships with the Eastern Churches

Relationships among Catholics and Protestants

Relationships to Other Religions